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Mine closure is a complex, multidisciplinary undertaking requiring several years of planning and a coordinated effort from government and industry stakeholders, ideally beginning at the earliest stages of mine planning.

Throughout the history of mining, technological innovation has played a vital role across all cycles of mining projects. The new wave of technological adoption is a combination of evolutionary and revolutionary technologies, with an increasing focus on the latter.

The responsible management of natural resources and ecosystems—including soils, plants, animals, water and air, and the services they provide—is central to the efforts of any society seeking to become more sustainable.

Technological advancements are fundamentally changing the face of the mining sector. While such evolution in mining is nothing new, today’s innovations are taking hold with remarkable speed and having widespread effects on workforce demand and beyond.

Key water security issues are broken down into three main categories: water quality, water quantity, and social impacts. In mine water issues, water quality often supersedes quantity, as other industries, particularly agricultural, consume more water.

Consistent with its origins as a partnership of the 2002 World Summit, the Forum reported on its activities and progress in the course of the CSD 18 meeting.

This document has been prepared for government agencies and other project stakeholders to use as a ‘toolkit’ for the development of Environmental Management and Monitoring Plans (EMMPs)