The Pacific Network for Environmental Assessment (PNEA) aims to support government officials in SPREP member countries, working in the area of environmental assessment.
PNEA provides assistance with two types of environmental assessment:
- Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) -a process for identifying and managing a development’s potential impacts on the environment, and the potential impacts of the environment on a development (e.g. impacts arising from climate change). Examples of development projects that may be subject to EIA include a new wharf, tourist resort, airport, renewable energy project, fish cannery, seawall, new road, mining operation or logging operation.
- Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) - a higher-level process that can be used in three main ways: (1) to prepare a strategic development or resource use plan for a defined land and/or ocean area; (2) to examine the potential environmental impacts that may arise from, or impact upon, government policies, plans and programmes; and (3) to assess different classes or types of development projects, so as to produce general environmental management policies or design guidelines.
Government officials who join PNEA will receive information and news updates on EIA and SEA, relevant to the Pacific region.